Information Systems Development: Challenges in Practice, Theory, and Education Volume 2
Corney, P. When they leave their knowledge and networks leave with them. Garfield, S. Communities manifesto. Hatch, J. Heaidari, M. Heathfield S. Hecht, M. Hester, J. Hofmann, L. Li, and F.
How to Succeed in Data Warehousing. Intranet and Extranet. Jackson, M. Communication and organizational knowledge: Contemporary issues for theory and practice. Jackson, S.
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Managing knowledge for sustained competitive advantage: designing strategies for effective human resource management , John Wiley and Sons. Janson, M. Strategies for Interweaving Groupware and Organizational Structure. Jones, K. Knowledge management as a foundation for decision support systems. Khalifa, Z. Karahoca, A. Kreiner, K. Knowledge and Mind. In Porac, J.
Lave, J. Lee, H. Lee, K. KMPI: Measuring knowledge management performance. Information and Management, 42 3 , pp. Free download. Book file PDF easily for everyone and every device. This Book have some digital formats such us :paperbook, ebook, kindle, epub, fb2 and another formats. The effectiveness of office information systems: a social action perspective. Upcoming Events Johnston Ed. Conference website. Augmented education in the futures university.
Davenport T. Denning, S. Information Systems Development Dierickx, I. Goodluck, I. Guptara, P. Gurteen, D. Hasanali, F. It also generates a false perception that online learning is easier than learning in the classroom Aaron, ; Westra, , and often leads to online cheating Spalding, The convenience, like the happiness factor, however, means a less demanding and less rigorous school experience Zhao, , p.
Convenience can be a blessing for creative people, liberating them from the need to waste time and energy on trifles; however, it may also develop self-gratification and laziness instead of struggling with obstacles and doing the hard job of digging in the knowledge mine. Yet, despite a number of studies showing that online learning is on a par with traditional, campus-based learning Ni, ; Wrenn, , it is going to take more time and effort to really make online learning deliver outcomes comparable to the traditional classroom-based, face-to-face education. We know very well online education suffers from restricted interaction among students and with the instructor, is deficient of live collaboration, and lacks opportunities for relationships that take form in a study group.
These collective relationships are crucial for individual success. Productive online learning also depends on well-developed learning, technology, critical thinking, research, and even reading and writing skills, as well as strong intrinsic motivation, perseverance, and self-efficacy, which many students do not possess.
Information Systems Development: Challenges in Practice, Theory, and Education Volume 2
Finally, substituting real-life objects and processes with virtual reality is not helpful in developing practical skills, which makes real-world laboratory and experimental work less effective in virtual online environments. Still, the question remains whether online education has helped improve teaching and learning. With the popularity of online education and enormous investment, do online college programs now prepare better specialists?
Have we achieved the result we had expected, besides widening access to education for working adult learners, formerly marginalized groups, such as disabled students and minorities, and people geographically separated from the learning centers, thus reaching multi-million enrollment in online programs by and making sure that students enjoy convenience in their studies? Innovative technology may bring performance enhancement in some ways but does not necessarily produce a direct benefit to education expressed by increased learning productivity. Are the secondary benefits, like convenience or fun with technology, worthy of heavy investment?
What, then, is needed to raise the quality of education? The real question here is, as always, do we control technology, or do we let ourselves be controlled by it and those who have created it? The raw powers of technology should be harnessed by sound pedagogy. Pedagogy of online education is just being developed, after two decades of titanic effort Serdyukov, a. Online learning is a big business Stokes, , which should be turned into a serious academic endeavor. When improving online learning, we should not narrow our innovative focus down to only technical solutions in all educational issues.
We need to develop a broader look at all aspects of teaching and learning rather than trying to resolve problems and overcome barriers with technology alone. There are reasons for the discrepancy between the drive for educational innovation that we observe in some areas, great educational innovations of recent times, and the daily reality of the education system.
Moreover, education being a system itself is a component of a larger social supersystem, to which it links in many intricate and complicated ways. As a social institution, education reflects all the values, laws, principles, and traditions of the society to which it belongs. Therefore, we need to regard education as a vital, complete, social entity and address its problems, taking into account these relations and dependencies both within the educational system and society.
In turn, if the society supports innovations in education, then its educational system will continuously and effectively evolve and progress. If it does not, education will stagnate and produce mediocre outcomes. An example of negative socio-cultural impact on education is mercantilism, which is destroying the ultimate purpose of education, and consumerism which is degrading institutions of higher education Feeman and Thomas, ; Ng and Forbes, ; Abeyta, Other harmful social and cultural trends exert a powerful influence.
These include monetization of education, entitlement, instant gratification, and egotism, which destroy education in general and the development of creativity and innovative spirit of students in particular Kerby et al. Such grave societal issues must be dealt with forcefully. Second, it is well known that higher education has been historically slow to adopt innovations for various reasons Hoffman and Holzhuter, ; Marcus, ; Evans, Because it is complex due to cohesion and contuinuity of science and labor intensive, higher education is particularly difficult to make more productive Brewer and Tierney, Both secondary and higher education function as two separate and rather closed systems in their own rights.
They are not only loosely connected to the wider world but also suffer from a wide disconnect between high school output measured in graduate learning outcomes and college entrance student expectations. Innovation, whether it is with technology, assessment or instruction, requires time and space for experimentation and a high tolerance for uncertainty.
Disruption of established patterns is the modus operandi of innovation. Innovation is difficult to spread across school and academia because it disrupts the established routine and pushes implementers out of their comfort zone. Supporting something seen as secondary innovation in the face of pressure, far-reaching programs, external standards ranging from Common Core to Literacy, Technology, and Career Readiness becomes a matter of priority and job security. In many instances, innovation in educational institutions does not take priority over pressing routine issues — really, abiding by the state standards is more urgent.
Teachers and school administrators are commonly cautious about a threatening change and have little tolerance for the uncertainty that any major innovation causes. Of course there are schools and even districts that are unafraid to innovate and experiment but their success depends on individual leaders and communities of educators who are able to create an innovative professional culture. Pockets of innovation give hope but we need a total, massive support for innovations across society.
It was used by standardized testing companies to reap huge profits or, may be, vice versa, these companies influenced NCBL. The trend stifled true education and produced unsatisfactory learning outcomes that changed the nature of teaching, narrowing the curriculum and limiting student learning. Fourth, even when an innovation comes to life, it is of little worth without implementation Csikszentmihalyi, Innovation is not about talking the talk but walking the walk.
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Moreover, an innovation can make a significant difference only when it is used on a wide scale. To create innovations is not enough, they need to be spread and used across schools and universities, a more difficult task.
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For the innovation to make a sizable effect, we need an army of implementers together with favorable conditions for the invention to spread and produce a result. Implementers in turn have to be creative and motivated to do their job; they must also have freedom to innovate in the implementation, security on the job to take risks, and control of what they are doing. Ultimately, they need be trusted as are teachers in Finland to do their job right.
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Is this where one of the main problems of innovating lies? This is clearly an extension of the adaptive or differentiated approach to teaching and learning, thereby leading to customization of education Schuwer and Kusters, When we began to be more concerned about how students feel in the classroom, what bothers them, and how best to accommodate them to make their learning experiences superior and anxiety-free, we began to set aside the quality outcomes of the learning process. Every cloud has a silver lining, fortunately.
When market approach is applied to higher education, as it is in the current national and global competitive environment, the contest for enrollments increases and forces colleges to decrease attrition in all ways possible.